Potential last-mile impacts of crowdshipping services: a simulation-based evaluation

Crowdshipping represents a shipping alternative to traditional delivery systems, particularly suitable for e-commerce. Although some benefits in terms of reduced pollution and congestion could be obtained by replacing dedicated freight trips, the impacts of crowdshipping are unclear and depend on several factors such as the transport mode used, the match between supply and demand, length of detours, and possible induced demand.In this paper, we analyze by means of a simulation-based approach the potential impacts of alternative implementation frameworks.The effects on traffic and emissions are investigated for the adoption of crowdshipping by carriers delivering parcels in the city center of Rome, Italy. Results show that not only is the mode employed by crowdshippers crucial for the sustainability of such a measure, but also operational aspects involving the length of detour, parking behavior, and daily traffic variations. Crowdsourced deliveries by car have generally higher negative impacts than corresponding deliveries by public transit.

Simoni, M.D., Marcucci, E., Gatta, V., Claudel, C.G. (2019). “Potential last-mile impacts of crowdshipping services: a simulation-based evaluation”, Transportation

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