The aim of this paper is to provide an economic, environmental and transport evaluation of the Ecopass scheme implemented since January 2008 in Milan. Building on previous evaluation, this paper aims at:
- Updating the estimates of the costs and benefits caused by this scheme comprising the impacts which took place during the years 2009 and 2010;
- analyzing the existing data on traffic, air pollution, and social and economic activities taking place in the Ecopass area;
- illustrating the political debate that has taken place among the local authorities and the public opinion, especially with regards to how to further improve or substitute the Ecopass policy. Some information on the new policy, called Area C, will also be provided.
Danielis, R., Rotaris, L., Marcucci E., Massiani, J. (2012) “A medium term evaluation of the Ecopass road pricing scheme in Milan: economic, environmental, and transport impacts”, Economics and Policy of Energy and the Environment, Vol. 2 pp. 49-83